Archive for the 'Educação e Engenharia' Category

Against fake news – Whatever is it better: Online news or printed newspapers?


administration articles bank black and white

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by Hermon

A discussion presented in a reading passage that I read recently, offers opinions that pieces of notices in internet blogs are more used by people nowadays than a traditional newspaper.

Instead, when a young people need to buy something or to consult pieces of information about products, these consumers preferring use online sources than to read a newspaper pressed.

In opposite, other people have a different opinion defending that in traditional newspapers are presented news and information with more quality, because these notices are really investigated by professionals of the area, like writers, columnists, and journalists.

Notwithstanding the fact that there are advantages of servers and computers that obtain facts in real time, sometimes, there is no corrections and precision about the facts and, usually, personal opinions of the information are sends in these communications vehicles. In this case, a big disadvantage of this type of media is the absence and control of fake news that is sends like a true news.

A positive defense about the use of press media, that is possible to hear in lectures, explains that the market of press publication has an important participation in the industry having an important contribution for the access to good news must be maintained for the society including culture, education, and economy and mainly true news.


Automation and renewable energy applied at the rural regions against climate changes

cable current distribution electrical

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by Hermom

An important discussion nowadays is about the advantages or disadvantages of deforestation that impact directly in the climate changes. Many groups started discussions about this theme including positives and negatives points of view the of this discussion. Ahead will be presented some specific points about this subject. In the end are presented solutions that have become an interesting offer of solving for these types of problems at the camp.

First of all, people around the world need understand the specific position that agrees with the deforestation discerning some characteristics of this group. The first point defended is in favor is the economy and obviously, new technologies can provide the maximization of production in the camp using, for example, renewable energy.

New initiatives of farmers and industry in this area starts a new entrepreneurship, these can offer better conditions for population and transform a nonproductive area in big farms companies that offer more employment, jobs, money, and development in the region of the country. The industry of equipment and machinery, there are exhibited in this market new machines more efficient using hybrid systems how a solution in engine’s propulsion using batteries and hydrogen gas like an option in opposition of diesel oil.

On the other hand, another group disagrees about the real benefit of these activities because in most parts of the time tribes or regional population decrease and are reallocated in other places without a sufficient support of these players and government. Additionally, many problems begin to emerge in the body of workers and people near these areas where become it on illnesses like cancer and infections caused by poison applied in the soil and food crops. Moreover, deforestation causes, decrease of the diversity of animals producing bad results for the nature like the increase of carbon dioxide that causes climate changes in around the world.

Finally, is necessary that universities and research centers with the support of government come to develop projects that involve automation techniques in the camp should be a piece of solution to decrease emissions of carbon dioxide or use of hydrocarbons by the change of traditional end uses to new electric machines, more efficient, and preferring to use renewable energy in the camp using sunlight, wind, biomass in contrast with the coal and oil finding better results in the protection of the environment.

A Experiência das Escolas Politécnicas Militares na formação em Engenharia

by Hermom Leal

Ilustres brasileiros se formaram nas Escolas Militares de Engenharia. Da antiga Real Academia militar temos os irmãos Rebouças, Benjamin Constant, Cândido Rondon, os que mais me lembro além do primeiro presidente do Brasil, “Manoel Deodoro” (nome do meu avô paterno) da Fonseca após proclamar a República no Quartel General do Exército no Palácio Duque de Caxias onde estive nos protestos de junho de 2013.

Lembro-me de certa vez comentar em classe com os alunos sobre o diferencial de escolas como o IME – Instituto Militar de Engenharia e ITA – Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica, no que tange ao perfil do ingressante, ao regimento escolar e a excelência destas escolas de engenharia, que é sonho de muitos estudantes.

Desta vez não pude estar no Fórum, mas tenho ótimas lembranças do Rio em 2013.


Compartilho os links das apresentações recebidas do Fórum Internacional de Gestores da ABENGE – Associação Brasileira de Ensino de Engenharia, que conduziu mais este excelente fórum de gestores com destaque ao trabalho do professor Vanderli Fava de Oliveira.


IME – Instituto Militar de Engenharia

ITA – Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica



A real ancient guide of morals and ethics

by Hermom Leal

brown book page

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All of the humam rights that we have today grew up in the arms of milenar cultures. Hebrews, Greeks, and Romans developed your codecs in books like Odissey of Homero, The Republic of Platão and others. The Book of Proverbs, written by Solomon a man who was King of Israel in the ancient time, it is a book that I think very interesting.

The first chapters explain how the young people can obtain, prudence, knowledge and a good relationship with your parents, brothers, and friends.

The second half of the Solomon’councils includes a guide for people that want works, develop familiar values, manage money and goods honestly.

Personally, I always have been reading this book in my free time because it expresses the principal commandments that we can to apply daily in our work or tasks principally in the relationship with other people independently of the type of society.

To me is a guide of moral and ethics that can be used and applied nowadays with good results.

Distance learning and online computer classes should replace classroom learning – specific reasons and examples


books classroom college desk

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by Hermom Leal

   An important discussion about learning methodologies in these days is presented in the most part of the educational institutions. This type of debate is essential in public institutions that apply, in most part of the time, traditional methods of learning. ln sequence will be presented some points of view about the benefits and advantages or disadvantages of this new model of education.

Basically, distance learning can be defined by the use of computer devices, communications and specific methods of learning that give to the student rules and steps to learn a subject or a theme in something knowledge area.

First, the positive arguments that support these changes are based on e-learning, where are used tools developed for the students to follow step by step until finish one skill or passage of the complete study. These steps are composed of lessons prepared in an online interactive platform that connects the student to the system of learning.

New and specific methods were created and developed in the last decades to integrate information technology, subjects, schools to the people using, for example, the social media, video conferences where the teacher can provide the tasks without problems of space, time, physical infrastructure and another thing.

Advanced technologies like artificial intelligence are now applied by computing techniques like cloud computing, machine learning, big data, open systems in that this new era of students can obtain no restrict access to the information that they need for a research, a project or a job.

The opposite arguments, showing by another specialist groups, explains that depending on the level of age, without a specific knowledge and a special orientation to the use of these new educational tools can be bad. For example, children and young people sometimes do not have abilities to self-advise the time and the sequence of learning. ln, the virtual environment, maybe these students will have less attention, less use of cognition and less social relations – a type of behavior that is very explored in traditional classes.

Analysing these points of view is possible to understand that today the new technologies are offering many ways and tools for the improvement of education. Some barriers and problems in the educational systems that happened in past, can be solved when the teacher apply facilities offered by these new methods.

With this, is very clear that new structures and methods of learning will replace oldest methods of learning used in traditional schools that do not find good results like digital inclusion, quality, and performance in a competitive world.

Workshops de Iot – Internet of Things e Design Thinking

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Engº Hermom Leal

Engenheiro, professor e pesquisador


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